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What is cocaine?
Cocaine is a stimulant, derived from the Erythroxylum coca plant. It is most commonly used in its powdered form, or crystallized (after being dissolved in ammonia and other solvents) and melted for freebasing-where it’s referred to as “crack.”
What effect does cocaine have on the user?
Like most drugs, cocaine affects the user physically and psychologically. Most users initially feel mild to extreme euphoria, with increased energy and alertness, and improved athletic ability. Heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature increase after use. The pupils become dilated and the user’s appetite is suppressed.
What are the symptoms of someone under the influence of cocaine?
While some of cocaine’s effects may sound benign, or even desirable, it is worth considering the long-term effects. Increased energy eventually becomes insomnia. Increased alertness leads to paranoia. Increased strength and stamina slowly become aggression, irritability and other antisocial behaviors.
The most common symptoms of cocaine use are nasal problems (deterioration of the nasal cartilage, constant sniffling), because cocaine is usually ingested by “snorting” the white powder, like snuff.
What are the potential dangers of using cocaine?
People with heart defects, high blood pressure or thyroid problems can experience a fatal overdose (due to heart failure) with the first use of cocaine.
Its capacity to induce intense euphoric sensations can cause many to use the drug more frequently, and at higher doses, to “chase” that initial feeling. In fact, “cravings” for the drug are one of the clearest signs of abuse. The withdrawal from cocaine may not be as unpleasant compared to opiates, but it is severe. Suicidal thoughts, intense irritability, paranoia and insomnia are common. Habitual users frequently become severely depressed and apathetic between using.
Because of the way cocaine interacts with the central nervous system, it is common for users to experience a loss of sexual drive or the ability to perform. This is the reason many male cocaine users consider Viagra a “recreational” drug, since it allows them to function in spite of cocaine’s suppression of sexual ability.
Overdosing on cocaine can cause hallucinations, convulsions, hyperthermia (spike in body temperature), stroke, heart attack and potentially, death.
What is cocaine addiction treatment and do I need a cocaine detox?
Cocaine addiction treatment starts off with cocaine detox where the addict goes through a 3-day program that rids all of the cocaine out of the system. Prescription drugs will be used to help the cocaine detox along if needed. Our staff will determine if a special detox is needed for the cocaine. Our counselors treat cocaine addiction treatment with specialized care since the cocaine addict is most likely been up for several days before coming into treatment.